12 Countries With Green, Yellow, And Red Flags In 2024

In this piece, we’ll explore seven countries that have flags featuring green, yellow, and red. Specifically, we’ll focus on flags where the green appears first, followed by the yellow, and then the red. These tricolor flags can be interpreted from left to right or right-to-left, as well as from the top down or the bottom up.

Currently, we are delving into the flags of Bolivia, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, the Republic of the Congo, and Senegal. Below, we will briefly explore the history, design, and symbolism of each.

1. The Flag of Bolivia

Flag of Bolivia, representing the Plurinational State of Bolivia, was initially adopted in 1851. However, the Wiphala flag, recognized as a dual flag, gained official recognition in 2009, becoming a national symbol as per Bolivia’s updated constitution.

Design: The Bolivian flag features three horizontal stripes: red at the top, green in the middle, and yellow at the bottom.


  • The green stripe symbolizes the country’s fertile land and extensive natural wealth.
  • The red stripe represents the sacrifices made by Bolivian citizens during the struggle for independence.
  • The yellow stripe signifies Bolivia’s abundance of natural resources.
  • Collectively, these colors in the flag represent Bolivia’s diverse cultural heritage, vibrant present, and promising future.

2. The Flag of Ethiopia

Ethiopia proudly flies one of the world’s oldest flags, renowned for its distinct appearance and captivating colors. Adopted by Menelik II on October 11, 1897, the contemporary tricolor of green, yellow, and red has become iconic. The current flag was officially adopted on October 31, 1996.

Design: The Ethiopian flag consists of a vertical tricolor arrangement of green, yellow, and red. In the center lies the country’s emblem—a golden pentagram placed on a blue disc.


  • The red color pays tribute to the Ethiopian soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the struggle for freedom.
  • Green represents the country’s lush landscapes and flourishing vegetation.
  • Yellow symbolizes Ethiopia’s optimistic economic prospects and bright future.
  • Collectively, these colors reflect Ethiopia’s rich historical legacy, vibrant cultural diversity, and promising future.

3. The Flag of Ghana

The Ghanaian flag features three horizontal stripes: green, yellow, and red from bottom to top, with a five-pointed black star positioned in the center of the yellow stripe. This design, with its unique arrangement of colors, is reminiscent of the flag of the Ethiopian Empire, making Ghana the second African country to adopt such colors, albeit in reverse order.


  • Red symbolizes the sacrifices made for independence and the bloodshed during the struggle.
  • Green represents Ghana’s lush natural resources and the wealth of the nation.
  • Yellow signifies the country’s mineral riches, particularly its gold reserves.
  • Together, these colors signify Ghana’s illustrious past, vibrant present, and promising future.

4. The Flag of Guinea

With the introduction of Guinea’s inaugural Constitution on November 10, 1958, the nation officially adopted its flag.

Design: Guinea’s flag features a vertical tricolor of green, yellow, and red, arranged from right to left. These colors were derived from the flag of the Rassemblement Démocratique Africain, a prominent movement during Guinea’s independence era. Notably, the flag’s color scheme was influenced by that of Ghana, which had been in use since 1957.


  • Red symbolizes the sacrifices made by anti-colonial martyrs, the industrious labor of the working class, and the aspirations for progress.
  • Green represents Guinea’s abundant forests, reflecting the nation’s natural wealth.
  • Yellow signifies the radiant sun, symbolizing hope and optimism.
  • Additionally, the red, green, and yellow colors are emblematic of pan-African unity and pride, resonating across the continent.
  • Collectively, these colors embody the essence of Guinea’s national motto: “Travail, Justice, Solidarité” (Work, Justice, Solidarity).

5. The Flag of Mali

On March 1, 1961, the present flag was officially adopted. Mali first flew its current flag on April 4, 1959, the day it officially joined the Mali Federation. The flag was identical but for a black Kanaga—the outline of a short man with his arms raised—on the yellow (golden) stripe. When Islamic fanatics in a country where 90% of the population is Muslim voiced their disapproval, the statue was taken down.


The Mali flag is a tricolor with three equal vertical stripes. Hues are green, yellow (gold), and red, also the pan-African colors, from the hoist. Mali’s flag is nearly identical to that of Guinea’s, save for the fact that the colors are displayed backward.


The green represents the bounty of the land, the yellow its purity and mineral wealth, and the red its sacrifice in the fight for independence from the French.

6. The Flag of the Republic of Congo

The Republic of the Congo gained independence from France on September 15, 1959, coinciding with the official approval of its current flag. Initially, this flag was flown over the Republic of the Congo until the establishment of the People’s Republic of the Congo in 1970. Under the new regime, the flag underwent modifications, featuring a red field with the coat of arms of the People’s Republic in the canton. This version remained in use until the regime’s downfall in 1991, after which the original pre-1970 flag was swiftly reinstated by the new government.

Design: The flag of the Republic of the Congo consists of three horizontal stripes in green, yellow, and red, arranged from left to right. It comprises a green upper triangle, a yellow diagonal band dividing the flag in half from the bottom corner of the hoist, and a red lower triangle.


Red symbolizes the sacrifices made during the struggle for independence.

Green represents the country’s lush forests and thriving agriculture.

Yellow signifies the warmth and noble spirit of the Congolese people.

7. The Flag of Senegal

The flag of Senegal was adopted in 1960 upon gaining independence from France. Notably, its colors mirror those of the pan-African flag, indicating Senegal’s strong support for pan-Africanism.

Design: Senegal’s flag features three vertical stripes of green, yellow, and red, with a prominent green five-pointed star positioned in the center.


  • Green symbolizes both the Prophet and a promising future, reflecting Senegal’s aspirations for progress and prosperity.
  • Yellow represents the fruits of labor and is associated with creativity and intelligence, reflecting the nation’s emphasis on economic development.
  • Red signifies the determination to overcome poverty and social injustices, embodying a resolute spirit in the face of challenges.

8. Burkina Faso

Located in West Africa, Burkina Faso shares borders with Niger, Benin, Mali, Togo, Ghana, and the Ivory Coast. As of 2021, its population stands at 20,321,378, inhabiting an area of 274,223 km². The adoption of Burkina Faso’s flag took place in 1983 following a coup that brought Thomas Sankara to power.

Design: The national flag of Burkina Faso features horizontal stripes of red and green, adorned with a central five-pointed yellow star. It maintains a width-to-length ratio of 2:3.

Symbolism: The yellow star serves as a beacon, symbolizing the revolutionary spirit that propelled change. Red embodies the essence of the revolution itself, while green signifies the nation’s abundant natural and agricultural wealth.

9. São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe is part of a chain of volcanic islands near the equator off the west coast of Central Africa. The flag was adopted in 1975 when the country gained its independence, replacing the former flag of Portugal, which ruled the island during the colonial period.


The flag sports a red triangle situated at the hoist, with a set of three horizontal green, yellow and green bands. Across the yellow band sits two black stars of Africa.


The yellow in the flag of São Tomé and Príncipe symbolizes the sun, as well as cocoa, a prominent crop produced there. Red represents the nation’s struggle for independence and equality. The green refers to the country’s abundant vegetation. The two black stars allude to the nation being part of Africa.

10. Benin

Benin holds a captivating history, notably as the birthplace of the vodun (voodoo) religion. Situated in West Africa, it attracts tourists keen on wildlife encounters, with destinations like Pendjari National Park offering safaris to observe elephants, hippos, and lions. The adoption of its flag dates back to 1975, following a coup in 1972 that led to the establishment of the People’s Republic of Benin.

Design: The flag of Benin features a green vertical band on the hoist side and a yellow and red vertical band on the fly side.

Symbolism: In its symbolism, the red segment signifies the valor of the nation’s ancestors, while yellow represents its wealth. Green embodies the aspirations for democracy and a promising future.

11. Togo

Togo, situated in West Africa along the Gulf of Guinea, is renowned for its picturesque palm-fringed beaches and charming hilltop villages. Upon gaining independence from France in 1960, Togo adopted its national flag.

Design: The Togolese flag is distinguished by five horizontal bands, alternating between green and yellow from top to bottom. Positioned in the upper left corner is a red square containing a single white star, reminiscent of the design of the U.S. flag.

Symbolism: Each element of the flag holds symbolic significance. The green stripes represent hope, as well as the country’s lush forests, natural beauty, and agricultural abundance. Yellow symbolizes Togo’s wealth of natural resources. With five stripes in total, the flag pays homage to Togo’s five administrative regions. The red square serves as a poignant reminder of the sacrifices made during the nation’s struggle for independence, while the white star embodies hope for the future.

12. Guinea-Bissau

Located on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, Guinea-Bissau is a tropical country popular for its wildlife and national parks. Its capital city is Bissau. Its flag was adopted following the country’s independence from Portugal in 1973.


The flag design features a yellow and green horizontal line on the fly side, and a vertical red line to the left. A black 5-pointed star sits in the middle of the section.


The black star is officially the “black star of Africa,” which appears on many African flags. The red stands for bloodshed. Green represents the abundant forests in the country, while yellow represents gold and mineral wealth.

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